The primary aim of this current study was to compare the role, importance and value placed on music by families with normally hearing (NH) children, to those who had a child with a hearing loss (HL) who wore either hearing aids and/or cochlear implants. A secondary aim was to see whether this differed between the countries. Parents of children aged 2–6 years living in Australia, Finland, and the United Kingdom were invited to complete the Role of Music in Families Questionnaire (RMFQ). Two groups of participants were recruited from each country: (i) parents of NH children, and (ii) parents of children with a HL. The RMFQ had seven subsections covering topics such as music participation, attitudes to music, importance of music in the family, and future perspectives on music. Three hundred and twenty-two families of NH children, and 56 families of children with HL completed the questionnaire (Australia: 50 NH, 25 HL; Finland: 242 NH, 21 HL; United Kingdom: 30 NH, 10 HL). Analyses compared between NH and HL groups within each country, and between the three countries for the NH group, and the HL group, independently. Overall, there were few significant differences between the participation levels, role, or importance of music in families with NH children compared to those with a child who had a HL, regardless of whether the families lived in Australia, Finland or the United Kingdom. Children first started to respond to music at similar ages, and overall music participation frequency, and music enjoyment were relatively similar. The importance of music in the family was also similar between the NH and HL groups. In comparing between the countries, Finnish children had a tendency to have higher participation rates in musical activities, with few other differences noted. Overall, the results of this study indicate that children, regardless of hearing levels or country of residence, have similar levels of music engagement and enjoyment, and HL is not seen as a contraindication to music participation and involvement by the parents involved in this study.
Objectives: A major issue in the rehabilitation of children with cochlear implants (CIs) is unexplained variance in their language skills, where many of them lag behind children with normal hearing (NH). Here, we assess links between generative language skills and the perception of prosodic stress, and with musical and parental activities in children with CIs and NH. Understanding these links is expected to guide future research and toward supporting language development in children with a CI.
Design: Twenty-one unilaterally and early-implanted children and 31 children with NH, aged 5 to 13, were classified as musically active or nonactive by a questionnaire recording regularity of musical activities, in particular singing, and reading and other activities shared with parents. Perception of word and sentence stress, performance in word finding, verbal intelligence (Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) vocabulary), and phonological awareness (production of rhymes) were measured in all children. Comparisons between children with a CI and NH were made against a subset of 21 of the children with NH who were matched to children with CIs by age, gender, socioeconomic background, and musical activity. Regression analyses, run separately for children with CIs and NH, assessed how much variance in each language task was shared with each of prosodic perception, the child’s own music activity, and activities with parents, including singing and reading. All statistical analyses were conducted both with and without control for age and maternal education.
Artikkelin tiivistelmän suomennos:
Tämä artikkeli esittelee todisteita musiikkiaktiviteettien voimakkaasta yhteydestä kuulovammaisten, myös sisäkorvaistutteella kuulevien lasten ja nuorten puhekielenh kehitykseen. Johtopäätökset perustuvat osittain normaalisti kuulevien lasten ja nuorten tutkimuksista saatuihin tuloksiin, jotka osoittavat, että puekielen taidot ovat parempia musiikkitoimintaan osallistuvilla lapsilla, ja ennen kaikkea, että musiikkitoiminta parantaa puheen havaitsemista ja puhekieltä. Vaikka kuulovammaisten lasten osalta tarvitaan lisää satunnaistettuja, hyvin kontrolloituja seurantatutkimuksia, jotka osoittavat musiikkitoiminnan vaikutuksen, jo nykyiset tutkimustulokset ovat riittäviä rohkaisemaan puheterapeutteja, musiikkiterapeutteja, opettajia, vanhempia, ja kuulovammaisia lapsia ja nuoria käyttämän musiikkia edistämään puhekieltä. Siksi annamme suosituksia ja ohjeita siihen, miten musiikkitoiminnan avulla voidaan auttaa kuulovammaisten lasten puheen havaitsemisen ja puhekielen kehitystä.
Suomennos yllä olevan artikkelin ohjeista musiikin tekemiseen niin, että se tukee erityisesti kuulovammaisen lapsen puhekielen kehitystä.
Researchers at University of Helsinki, and University College London have found evidence that children with hearing impairment and cochlear implants can benefit from hobbies involving music and especially singing.
The results published in Music Perception show that the auditory skills of hearing impaired children are connected to the amount of singing and music in their everyday lives.
In the study, University lecturer of logopedics Ritva Torppa, PhD, from University of Helsinki measured auditory skills, perception of speech in noise, singing skills, and brain responses to changes in musical sounds in children with cochlear implants. Some children took part in regular singing and other musical activities while others did not.
IMPI JA ILMARI LINDFORSIN TUKISÄÄTIÖ Kulosaarentie 7,00570 Helsinki puh. (050) 4621341 sähköposti